Vale - Cobalt

By: Inco  09-12-2011
Keywords: Alloys

Vale Inco recovers cobalt as a by-product from processing our Canadian ore bodies. The refined cobalt is marketed as an electrolytic metal or an intermediate product to key industry sectors such as superalloys, used for aerospace and land-based based turbine components as well as the manufacture of cobalt based chemicals.

Cobalt is a grey metal that is rarely used as a structural material in the pure form, but almost always as a component of an alloy.

Cobalt imparts unique properties to these alloys that serve to improve high temperature strength and oxidation, wear resistance, and magnetic effects. Cobalt is also used for producing the “cobalt blue” coloring effect for paints, enamels, etc.

Global demand for cobalt continue to grow as this material is being used widely to manufacture critical alloys for aircraft, chemicals for lithium ion batteries and catalysts, as well as, hard facing tools and magnets.

In 2007, approximately 22% of cobalt is consumed by the battery and another 22% for superalloys.

© Vale 2010
Last Updated: Thursday, May 27, 2010

Keywords: Alloys

Other products and services from Inco


Vale - Nickel for Plating

We maintain a worldwide sales and distribution network and provide clients with technical support to fit their needs. They are of the highest quality and contain minimum impurities so platers are assured of consistent results. Vale Inco offers more plating products in more forms than any other nickel producer in the world. Our products are manufactured in plants that meet ISO9001 standards.


Vale - Nickel Powders

Nickel powders are manufactured to ISO9001 standards at the Copper Cliff Refinery in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada and the Clydach Refinery in Wales, U.K. Our product portfolio includes various shapes and sizes of nickel powder and nickel oxide. We invite you to contact the Vale Inco sales office nearest you for more product and application information.


Vale - Copper

Vale Inco produces copper concentrate at our Canadian operations in Sudbury, Ontario and the Voisey’s Bay Nickel Operation in Labrador. Electrowon copper cathodes generally contain 99.99 percent copper content and are primarily sold in North America. Vale Inco produces electrowon copper cathode at our Canadian operation in Sudbury. Vale Inco produces copper anodes at our Canadian operation in Sudbury.


Vale - Products

We manufacture primary nickel used in stainless steel, alloy steels, nickel alloys and electroplating; as well as specialty nickel powders used in rechargeable batteries, powder metallurgy and nickel salts. As world nickel demand has grown, we have built an unrivalled global network of sales and marketing offices - a distinct competitive advantage.


Vale - Nickel for Stainless Steel

We produce Utility® nickel at refineries in Taiwan, Korea and China; Tonimet® at our refinery in Matsusaka, Japan; nickel discs at our carbonyl refineries in Ontario, Canada and Swansea, Wales and melting rounds at our electrolytic refinery in Manitoba, Canada.


Vale - Nickel for Melting

The exceptional quality of Vale Inco nickel makes it ideally suitable to the production of both cast and wrought alloy forms including nickel-based alloys, austenitic stainless steels, low alloy steels and cast irons. Vale Inco produces nickel products for melting applications from both our carbonyl and electrolytic processes.