Erosion Protection - Erosion protection is defined as protective works constructed along dike slopes, stream banks, lakes and other water bodies to prevent their erosion by surface runoff, stream flows and/or wave action.
Storm Sewers - A system of storm drains, pipes, and holding ponds designed to carry storm water runoff, in a controlled fashion, to nearby streams.
Sanitary Sewers - A system for collecting the wastewater that is created by residents and businesses in a city. It consists of pipes and pumps that allow the waste to be transported to a central facility where the wastewater is treated.
Access Culverts/Bridges - Metal, clay or cement piping placed in wetland areas to channel water. Culverts alter the naturally existing movement of water through the area. A pipe used to direct water from a table drain and under the road.
Catch Basin -Large underground container, with a grate on the top, for collection of storm water run-off. It catches or collects dirt and other debris and prevents them from polluting streams and lakes. An entryway to the storm drain system, usually located at street corners and the bottom of hills.
Manholes - A alternatively utility hole, maintenance hole or access chamber, is the top opening to an underground utility vault used to house an access point for making connections or performing maintenance on underground and buried public utility and other services including sewers, telephone, electricity, storm drains and gas. It is protected by a manhole cover, a usually metal plug designed to prevent accidental or unauthorized access to the manhole. Manholes are usually outfitted with metal or polypropylene steps installed in the inner side of the wall to allow easy descent into the manhole.
Shore Protection - Structures or sand placed at or on the shore to reduce or eliminate upland damage from wave action or flooding during storms.
Water Main - A primary pipe used to carry water from the source to storage facilities and to points along the distribution system. A water supply pipe for public use. A water pipe owned by the City under the control of its Water Department to which street service line may be connected. A pipe for conveying water.
Grading - The moving of soil and rocks to shape the land. Changing the ground level to a smooth horizontal or gently sloping surface.
Ponds - A body of water smaller than a lake, often artificially formed. A closed production system in which excavated soil is used to build levees and provide a gradual bottom slope. A pond is a small body of water