The Importance of a regular eye exam for adults
During your eye exam our Doctors are not only evaluating your eyes for visual correction (if you need eye glasses or contact lenses), they are also checking the overall health and function of your eye.
Most eye diseases have very little or slow symptoms and cannot be detected unless you have a comprehensive eye exam. It is important to catch eye diseases early as some diseases, like Glaucoma, are not reversible, but they can be managed and prevented.
Examples of what the doctor looking for:
- Refractive error: This refers to your prescription and is corrected with eye glasses, contact lenses or surgery
- Strabismus: This has to do with the muscular function in the eye
- Eye Diseases: These can be detected by looking at the eye's blood vessels, retina and so forth. Diseases include Glaucoma, Cancer, Cataracts, Retinitis Pigmentosa and many others.
- Eye Problems like dry eyes or computer syndrome
The importance of an eye exam for children and infants
Since many eye problems arise from conditions that can be identified by an eye doctor in an infant's first year of life, a parent can give an infant a great gift by seeking an eye assessment in addition to the wellness evaluation of the eyes that is done by a pediatrician or family practice doctor.
- 80% of a child’s learning is based on vision
- 1 in 5 children have a vision problem
- 1 in 6 school-aged children experience learning difficulties which are a result of unknown or uncorrected vision conditions
- One in 30
children will be affected by amblyopia — often referred to as lazy eye —
a leading cause of vision loss in people younger than 45 years.
- One in 25 will develop strabismus — more commonly known as cross-eyes — a risk factor for amblyopia.
- One in 33 will show significant refractive error such as nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism — irregularly shaped cornea.
- One in 100 will exhibit evidence of eye diseases such as glaucoma.
- Correction of Strabismus is most effective when diagnosed and treated before the age
- Motor skills among children 3-5 improved significantly after appropriate eyewear was prescribed and worn
- Detecting and correcting vision problems in children could contribute to a reduction of illiteracy and drop-outs
How often should I get an eye exam?
Kids: Exam by age three, and then annually after that and more often if recommended by our doctors.
Children: An assessment between six and 12 months of age is recommended to determine if an infant is at risk for eye or vision disorders. Children should at least have had one eye examination by the age of three, and then every two years after that (more often if recommended our Doctors).
Adults: We recommend every two years, especially after the age of 40 as age increases the risk of many eye diseases.
Seniors: Over the age of 65 an annual eye exam is recommended.
What to expect during an eye exam?
Before you begin:
You will undergo a series of tests that will be performed by an
optometric assistant. These results provide vital information that the
Optometrist will use in determining the overall health of your eyes. Our Doctors will also take a thorough case history to determine factors like
hereditary eye diseases, eye injuries, diabetes and various medications
that may influence your eye examination.
A standard examination takes about 30 minutes. Our Doctors will take the power measurement of your eyes to determine if you
require eyeglasses and what strength they should be. They will also
determine how well your eyes work together as a team.
Next he will examine the front of your eye, including the eyelids, cornea and your pupil reflexes.In order to examine the interior of your eye for
cataracts and other diseases our Doctors will insert dilation drops –
these take about 15 minutes to take effect. This procedure will not
hurt, but you will notice that your vision becomes blurry as they take
effect. Your eyes will also be sensitive after this procedure, so make
sure you bring a pair of sunglasses along for the trip home.
Choosing contact lenses
Contact lenses are
medical devices which, like drugs, provide benefits while posing certain
risks. Many people wear contact lenses to correct their vision. The
reasons for choosing contacts over glasses or refractive eye surgery
(which corrects the shape of the cornea) include lifestyle, sports and
appearance.With all of the convenient and healthy options
available today almost anybody can wear contact lenses, including
bifocal and progressive (no Line)eye glass wearers as well as those with
astigmatism.In order to use contact lenses safely you will require
a contact lens examination, please ask our staff to set up this
appointment for you.
Laser Surgery co-managementHere is a brief description of the procedure:
Most people with vision correction issues want to know more about LASIK and whether it is right for them.
A flap is surgically cut in the cornea and gently
folded back. An Excimer Laser is used to reshape the cornea into a
flatter shape (this is much like a contact lens corrects vision by
forming a new shape on the cornea). The flap is then put back in place,
acting like a natural bandage. The healing process is quick and the
discomfort level is quite low.People will often say that they did not feel
anything, and could see well the very first day. Most people have
improved vision in 24-28 hours, but it must be noted that each person
will heal at a different rate. Vision, although greatly improved
immediately after surgery, often continues to improve for some weeks,
even months.LASIK is not for everyone.
vary and only after a comprehensive examination will we be able to
decide if LASIK surgery is the best course of treatment for you. If you
are interested in laser vision correction, we will be happy to guide you
in picking the right surgeon, procedure and laser appropriate care for
you.Fitting and repairs
We have an on-site laboratory to assist with fitting
and repairs to a wide range of spectacles. Ask our optometric assistants
for more information.
Spectacle frames and selection
We have a wide range of frames for your selection, brands that we carry include:
D&G, Hugo Boss, Ray Ban, Vogue, Adidas, Silhouette, Mexx, Vera Wang, Juicy Couture, Sophia Loren, Easy Clip and many more!
Here are a few general guidelines on frame selection:
- Choose a frame in proportion to your face.
- Choose a frame that contrasts with your face shape i.e. if your face is round consider frames that have square angles.
- To lengthen your face: consider selecting mid to high temples, and frames with little or no colour on the bottom rim.
- To shorten your face: consider mid to low temples, and narrower frames
- To lengthen your nose: consider a high nose bridge that is clear or light coloured. Avoid solid colour bridges.
- To Shorten your nose: consider a low nose bridge in a solid colour. Avoid clear nose bridges
- To lengthen a wider nose: Use a clear or metal nose bridge that sits close to the nose, use nose pads.
- A small face: Use thin metals and lightweight frames.
- A larger face: Consider balancing your features with a slightly oversize frame
Sunwear and UV Protection
Ultraviolet radiation reaches the eyes not only from
the sky above but also by reflection from the ground, especially water,
snow, sand and other bright surfaces. Protection from sunlight may be
obtained by using both a brimmed hat or cap and UV absorbing eyewear.
Ultraviolet radiation may play a contributory role
in the development of various ocular disorders including cataract,
pterygium, ocular cancers, photokeratitis (flash burns) and corneal
degenerative changes. It may contribute to age-related macular
degeneration.UV Protection — A Must for Children
- The average child receives three times the annual UV exposure of an adult
- 7.5 times greater UVR transmission through the lens inside a child’s eye
- 75% transmission at age 10, 10% at age 30
- Damage from UVR is cumulative
As your eye care professional we consider UV protected sunglasses to be an integral part of your eye care needs.
We carry lots of styles of sunglasses and many of them can be made into prescription sunglasses also.