The sun is the source of all energy on earth. Wind is a form of energy and is caused by the uneven heating of the earth’s surface by the sun. For example, the poles receive less energy from the sun than the equator does, and the dry land heats up and cools down more quickly than the seas do.
On much of the earth, wind speeds are low in the summer when the sun shines brightest and longest. The wind is strong in winter when less sunlight is available. Wind speeds are also low during the day when sunlight is strong, but increase after dark when the earth surface is cooler. As a result of this wind pattern phenomenon, different parts of the world have different wind distribution topology wind power generators use a wind turbine to convert wind energy into electricity. Similar to solar power systems, charge controllers are used to regulate the charging current before it is stored in battery banks, and inverters are then used to convert DC to AC for consumption or distribution.
There are two main types of wind generators; Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT) and Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT), each with its characteristics. The most common form of wind generators is the horizontal axis wind turbine.
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