Scott and Stewart staff prefer to work with woodlot owners over the longer term. For example if we plant an area we would like to work with the owner to see that any necessary follow up treatments such as weeding, pre-commercial thinning etc. are completed. A geographic information system (G.I.S.) is used to keep track of possible future treatments as well as completed treatments. When a forest stand reaches the stage that it would benefit from a silviculture or harvesting treatment this is discussed with the landowner. Maps and data on past or proposed treatments are available to landowners at no cost.
Management Plan Preperation
Scott and Stewart’s staff of professional foresters and forest technologists have prepared management plans for hundreds of woodlot owners over the past 25 years. Scott and Stewart has also prepared forest management plans for first nation bands and has participated in the preparation of forest management plans for municipal watersheds. Our staff have teamed up with biologists and other professionals to meet an owners management plan objectives. A management plan can be customized to meet the landowners requirements.
A typical plan would contain the following; A statement of the woodlot owners objectives; A description of the condition of the boundary lines and recommendations for establishment or renewal; A
discussion of accessibility and recommendations for road construction or upgrading; A description of each of the foreststands includinginformation on stand species, volumes, ages, heights, etcetera; Recommended harvesting and silviculture treatments; Maps, aerial photographs, tables and other supporting information.
Woodlot Cruises, Assessments and Valuations
Scott and Stewart’s staff of professional foresters and forest technologists have a great deal of experience in completing woodlot cruises and assessments. Depending on the woodlot owners objectives assessments can range from interpretation of aerial photographs to detailed stand cruises.
Measuring and Mapping
Scott and Stewart’s staff have experience using a variety of Global Positioning System (GPS) units.GPS units can be used to measure or locate a variety of features including survey monuments, roads, fields, cutovers etcetera.These features can then plotted on maps using a Geographic Information System (GIS)
Scott and Stewart’s experienced staff can provide a variety of other services such as Scaling,Road location, Boundary line renewal, Forest landscape work, and Christmas tree cultivation.
Our staff works with the woodlot owners to determine their harvesting objectives. Financial and tax objectives will be discussed as well as other interests the owner might have such as wildlife habitat, recreational interests, environmental concerns any specialty wood requirements etc. Forest stands that have reached maturity will be identified and mapped. The appropriate harvesting method for each forest stand will be determined. Stands that would benefit from silviculture treatments will bebrought to the owner’s attention.
Environmental and Wildlife Standards
All government and industry guidelines and regulations will be meet or exceeded. Wildlife and environmental areas will be well marked with flagging before the harvest begins. Scott and Stewart’s harvesting operations have received several environmental awards from forest industries.
Scott and Stewart utilizes specialized equipment and experienced manual and mechanical crews to allow us to carry out a variety of harvesting treatment such as merchantable thinnings, shelterwood harvests, etc. Our staff will customize the harvest to meet the woodlot owner’s objectives.
Scott and Stewart works with a large number of wood using industries and stays in touch with them on a regular basis to determine the best markets for a variety of wood products. Experienced operators sort the products according to market requirements.
Our nursery, located near St. Andrews, Antigonish County, presently produces 3.5 million softwood and hardwood seedlings annually.
The nursery was established in 1960 by the Westenenk family who grew seedlings for the forest industry for thirty-four years. In 1994, Scott and Stewart acquired the nursery to support their expanding planting programs. A total of 48,000 ft2 of green house space and 50,000 ft2 of holding space is used to support our production.
Softwood Seedlings for Reforestation Programs
Scott & Stewart is dedicated to growing quality black, red, white and Norway spruce seedlings. Our seedlings are produced from improved seed purchased from the Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources. We also grow limited quantities of white pine and hemlock seedlings. Our seedlings are grown in multipot 67 and Jiffy 140 container systems. As well, we grow large container stock for clients who want a larger tree to out grow the competition and survive damage from the hylobius bark beetle. These seedlings are grown for two seasons in a Jiffy 5150-35 container system. They are approximately 2 feet in height and have a root collar that measures 5 mm in diameter at time of shipping.
Native Shrubs and Small Trees
Scott & Stewart produces native shrubs and small trees for both our industrial clients and home gardeners. Some of the species include alders, Red-osier dogwood, sumac, and bayberry. These small trees and shrubs are mostly used by utilities for planting programs that establish shrubs on utility corridors that are compatible with the overhead lines.
Christmas Tree Seedlings
Scott & Stewart produces many species of Christmas tree seedlings. Balsam fir is still the seedling of choice for most Christmas tree producers in our area; however, we grow other species such as Fraser fir, Douglas fir, Korean fir, and Scotch pine. Being Christmas tree growers ourselves, we realize the need for genetically superior, high quality seedlings; therefore, we strive to produce the highest quality seedling for our clients. In addition, we have the capacity to grow seedlings for Christmas tree growers who wish to secure their own seed and have us produce their seedlings.
Site preparation equipment is used to prepare sites for reforestation. Site preparation can reduce competition from unwanted vegetation, mix mineral and organic soil layers, rearrange slash to increase the number of plantable spots and reduce hazards to tree planters. Depending on conditions found on the site Scott and Stewart may utilize various pieces of site preparation equipment.
Planting is used to fully stock a site with seedlings when natural regeneration to desired species is insufficient.
Government approved herbicides are used under government approvals to release young crop trees from competing vegetation. The competing vegetation, if not controlled, can compete with the seedlings for sunlight, moisture and nutrients. Competing vegetation can stunt the growth of seedlings for years and in severe cases cause seedling mortality.
Manual weeding is also used to release young crop trees from competing vegetation. Manual weeding may have to be carried out more than once if vigorous re-sprouting occurs.
Weeding (Manual/ Chemical Combined)
When using tools such as an R-Jet applicator it is possible to apply herbicides to the cut stumps of unwanted vegetation during a pre-commercial thinning operation.
Pre Commercial Thinning (PCT)
Pre commercial thinning is carried out in young softwood plantations or natural stands that average two to seven meters in height. Allows the selection of healthy preferred trees as crop trees; Removes competing trees giving the crop trees room to grow; Like carrots in a garden thinning greatly increases the diameter growth of the remaining crop trees.Pre Commercial Thinning – Hardwoods
Pre commercial thinning in hardwoods is carried out when the desired trees have reached six to nine meters and after some self pruning of the lower hardwood limbs has occurred.
Allows the selection of healthy preferred trees as crop trees; removes competing trees giving the crop trees room to grow; like carrots in a garden thinning greatly increases the diameter growth of the remaining crop trees. Merchantable Thinning
Poorer quality trees are removed leaving trees with better quality stems to grow and produce saw logs or veener logs. Merchantable thinning removes some merchantable volume from a stand.
Specialized harvests can include shelter wood cuts, selection harvests, crop tree release, seed tree cut and others (see definitions). Harvests can be customized to meet the landowner’s needs.