Bio Hazards | Mayken

By: Mayken  09-12-2011
Keywords: Transmission, biological agents

A biohazard cleanup restores an environment soiled with organisms, or material from organisms. As a biohazard, this material is a threat to human health. For our purposes, homicide, suicide, unattended death, and other soiled environments are cleaned. The goal is to destroy and remove microorganisms, virus, and toxins contaminating the environment with human effluents.

Biohazard is a shorthand term for “biological hazard”. It refers to biological substances that pose a threat to (primarily) human beings. This can include medical waste, samples of a virus or bacterium that can affect humans. It is generally used as a warning, so that those potentially exposed to the substances will know to take precautions.

Our company strives to provide superior standards of service with the utmost importance on the protection, health, and safety of our employees, the community and the environment.

Biological Hazards

Biological agents are living things, or substances produced by living things, that can cause illness or disease in humans. Biological agents have many uses in the workplace, but some of them can be hazardous. They include bacteria, virus, and fungi as well as larger organisms such as parasites and plants.

Bacteria are microscopic single-celled organisms. They are found in the air, water and soil and in living or dead animals and plants. Viruses are micro-organisms that can reproduce only by coming into contact with living cells. They are found only in living animal and plant matter.

Fungi are simple plants that feed on the living or dead tissues of animals or plants. Mould, yeast and mushrooms are fungi. Yeasts are used in the manufacture of bread, beer and wine.

Parasites live in the bodies of plants and animals, including, in some cases, the human digestive system. They reproduce by laying eggs.

Some plants produce substances that cause an allergic response in humans.

Routes of Entry and Transmission

Biological agents enter the body by inhalation, by ingestion or by absorption through the skin. The possible routes of entry are limited by the characteristics of the agent. For example, AIDS and hepatitis B are blood borne and are not transmitted through the air. But in general, inhalation is the most common route of entry. Once inside the body, infectious agents can multiply and be passed from one person to another. Some can survive outside the body for a considerable length of time in an intermediate breeding ground such as water or food. Others die quickly without the protection of the body. The route they follow is referred to as the route of transmission.

Direct Transmission of Infectious Agents

The route of transmission may be direct or indirect. Direct transmission takes place when there is physical contact between an infected and a non-infected person. Direct transmission can also occur if there is a projection of droplets into the mucous membranes of the eye, nose or mouth. This might happen during a cough or sneeze. Direct transmission might also occur if a person is injected or punctured with an infected needle or other sharp object which is infected.

Indirect Transmission of Infectious Agents

Indirect transmission may occur when infectious agents attach themselves to materials or objects such as food and water or cooking and eating utensils.

An infectious agent may also be transmitted by an insect. The insect may carry the infectious agent from the source to an uninfected person.

Some infectious agents may be transmitted through the air and are hazardous if inhaled.

Health Effects

Biological agents that are capable of causing disease are known as pathogens. Some of them are infectious and can multiply in the body. Persons who are most at risk from biological hazards include those who work with animals or plants or in health and child care. People who handle animals include those who work in zoos, animal breeding facilities and veterinary services. Agriculture and food industry workers handle both animal and plant products. Others who may be affected include those who work with cutting oils or ventilation systems or work in municipal sanitation or sewage operations.

Diseases Caused by Infectious Agents

Bacterial diseases include tuberculosis, tetanus and food poisoning. Infection through the skin can cause boils or blood poisoning.

Common fungal diseases are ringworm, which is a skin infection, and thrush, which infects the skin and mucous membranes.

Viral diseases include hepatitis, mumps, German measles and rabies. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which is believed to be the principal cause of AIDS, is discussed in Chapter 6.

Diseases Caused by Other Biological Agents

Parasitic worms enter the body when their eggs are ingested. They can also enter when their larvae in the soil penetrate the skin or through insect bites. The most common are roundworms and flatworms.

Biological hazards may be recognized by examining the materials used in the workplace or by a history of illness in workers. Some materials present in the workplace may not be bio-hazards themselves, but they may encourage the growth of bacteria or fungi.

Keywords: biological agents, Transmission,

Contact Mayken

Email - none provided

Print this page

Other products and services from Mayken


Credited Training | Mayken

Our company is committed to provide superior safety standards with the utmost importance on the health and protection of our employees, the community and the environment. Equipped and committed to restoring the environment and/or property that has been contaminated as a result of any hazardous materials. Haz-Mat Emergency Response Technician Level.


Product Recovery, Site Assessments & Remediation

MayKen Solutions will liaison with the Regulatory Authorities, 3rd party contractors and you (the Customer) to ensure your site is dealt with in the best interest of Safety and the Environment in a cost effective manner. Equipped and committed to restoring the environment and/or property that has been contaminated as a result of any hazardous materials. MayKen a clean environment is what we do best.


Hazard Classification | Mayken

Oxidizing substances and Organic peroxides. Flammable liquids and Combustible liquids.


Hazardous Materials | Mayken

Our company is committed to provide superior safety standards with the utmost importance on the health and protection of our employees, the community and the environment. We provide a wide range of 24/7 emergency spill cleanup and remediation services as well as transport and dispose of any dangerous goods. We provide custom made Spill Kits to fit your product specific needs to keep you and your business safe and compliant.


Spill Clean-up, Waste Transportation and Disposal

You can be rest-assured that the product is handled efficiently and effectively in the upmost regulated way to protect you and the environment. We use only the highest quality equipment and materials available, incorporating the latest technology in our field. Mayken is able to collect and transport many hazardous materials, which enhance our ability to serve you.


Services | Mayken

The owners and staff are highly trained professionals that are dedicated to delivering responsible safety solutions. Mayken Solutions takes pride on being very knowledgeable and experienced in all the services we provide. We are respected in the hazardous industry and pre approved by Alberta Health Services.