Doctor of Optometry is trained to perform eye examinations for all
ages. The eye exam involves an assessment of your binocular vision,
which is the way your two eyes work together and the functioning
of your eye muscles. Pupillary reflexes are assessed to check for
neurological damage. There is also an assessment of your ability
to see and measurements taken for corrective lenses (spectacles
or contact lenses) to improve the quality of your vision.
doctor is able to evaluate the health of all aspects of your eyes.
The front of the eye is checked for conditions such as dry eye,
infections and damage from contact lens misuse. The middle of
the eye is where cataracts can develop and this can happen at
any age. Some cataracts are caused by trauma or diabetes and some
children are born with cataracts. In the back of the eye, blood
vessels and nerves are visible allowing the doctor to check for
any signs of diabetes, high blood pressure, macular degeneration,
retinal detachments and many other conditions. Testing for glaucoma
is a routine part of eye examinations because there are no symptoms
of glaucoma until you have lost well over half of your vision.
Our treatments for glaucoma only preserve the vision you have
left making it important to detect the disease early.
field testing is done using a computer to measure how well the
nerves are functioning that carry the visual information from
your eye to the brain. This testing is used to diagnose glaucoma,
some tumors and conditions such as multiple sclerosis.
Optometry has a high resolution digital camera which is can be
used to take photographs of the back of the eye (retina). This
technology is used to document the current status of the blood
vessels and nerves so that small changes over time can be observed.
This technology is especially useful for monitoring the course
of glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetes.
a general guideline eye exams are recommended at the following
6 months old.
Infants need to be checked for a lazy or turned eye which can
be corrected only when the child is very young and that is the
main reason for the first eye exam at 6 months of age. A lazy
eye has no symptoms but an optometrist can detect it without
the child being able to communicate.
every year. Children often change prescription rapidly and do
not generally complain of any problems though it may be hindering
their learning at school.
every 2 years. Routine eye health examinations for healthy
young adults should be done every two years with the expectation
that you come sooner if you are having any problems.
every 1.5 years. Risk of glaucoma rises significantly after
age 40 and prescriptions change more rapidly during these years
which is why a more frequent examination is recommended.
60 and up ,
yearly. Yearly health examinations are required as many health
concerns such as diabetes, macular degeneration and cataracts
are much more prevalent at this time.