SPECTRUM Optometry - Bringing Vision to Life - eyeexam

By: Spectrum Optometry  09-12-2011
Keywords: Optometry, eye exam, Digital Camera

A Doctor of Optometry is trained to perform eye examinations for all ages. The eye exam involves an assessment of your binocular vision, which is the way your two eyes work together and the functioning of your eye muscles. Pupillary reflexes are assessed to check for neurological damage. There is also an assessment of your ability to see and measurements taken for corrective lenses (spectacles or contact lenses) to improve the quality of your vision.

The doctor is able to evaluate the health of all aspects of your eyes. The front of the eye is checked for conditions such as dry eye, infections and damage from contact lens misuse. The middle of the eye is where cataracts can develop and this can happen at any age. Some cataracts are caused by trauma or diabetes and some children are born with cataracts. In the back of the eye, blood vessels and nerves are visible allowing the doctor to check for any signs of diabetes, high blood pressure, macular degeneration, retinal detachments and many other conditions. Testing for glaucoma is a routine part of eye examinations because there are no symptoms of glaucoma until you have lost well over half of your vision. Our treatments for glaucoma only preserve the vision you have left making it important to detect the disease early.

Visual field testing is done using a computer to measure how well the nerves are functioning that carry the visual information from your eye to the brain. This testing is used to diagnose glaucoma, some tumors and conditions such as multiple sclerosis.

Spectrum Optometry has a high resolution digital camera which is can be used to take photographs of the back of the eye (retina). This technology is used to document the current status of the blood vessels and nerves so that small changes over time can be observed. This technology is especially useful for monitoring the course of glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetes.

As a general guideline eye exams are recommended at the following timelines:

At 6 months old. Infants need to be checked for a lazy or turned eye which can be corrected only when the child is very young and that is the main reason for the first eye exam at 6 months of age. A lazy eye has no symptoms but an optometrist can detect it without the child being able to communicate.

Age 3-18 , every year. Children often change prescription rapidly and do not generally complain of any problems though it may be hindering their learning at school.

Age 19-39 , every 2 years. Routine eye health examinations for healthy young adults should be done every two years with the expectation that you come sooner if you are having any problems.

Age 40-60, every 1.5 years. Risk of glaucoma rises significantly after age 40 and prescriptions change more rapidly during these years which is why a more frequent examination is recommended.

Age 60 and up , yearly. Yearly health examinations are required as many health concerns such as diabetes, macular degeneration and cataracts are much more prevalent at this time.

Keywords: Blood Vessels, contact lens, Digital Camera, eye exam, Eye Examinations, glaucoma, High Resolution Digital Camera, Macular Degeneration, Optometry, Visual Field Testing,

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SPECTRUM Optometry - Bringing Vision to Life - services

Comprehensive Eye Examinations Your eye examination will include assessment of your vision, measurement of your spectacle prescription, how your eyes work together, and the health of your eyes, checking for glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration. Following the MSP and BCAO guidelines, a full eye examination does not include a contact lens evaluation; therefore patients are billed for contact lens services when they are provided.


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This window into your circulatory system allows the doctor to diagnose and manage conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, retinal detachments, glaucoma and macular degeneration. As light enters the eye, it is focused on the retina and this visual information is then sent directly from the retina to the brain so you can see images.


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