The regular removal of stain, plaque and tartar is absolutely essential
to the long-term look and health of teeth and gums. The dental hygienist
provides this service.
Bleaching is a very effective technique for lightening teeth. It
will not, however, alter the appearance of existing fillings and
This can be used to remove blemishes on the surface of the teeth
providing that the crevices that are holding the stain are not too
This technique can be used to alter the shape of worn or chipped
teeth - providing the damage is not too great. Composite materials
are used to reshape defects and close spaces between teeth. The
results are performed quickly, but the patient should be prepared
to replace these restorations more frequently. Better long-term
alternatives involve veneers or crowns.
When the cavity is large, an inlay may be needed for strength. These
restorations are fabricated by a dental lab and usually require
two or more appointments at the office for insertion.
These are thin porcelain surfaces that are bonded over the front
tooth surface. Very little tooth reduction is needed in order to
have a veneer. Veneers can be used to restore ageing teeth that
are worn down, close spaces and change the colour of teeth or repair
These are used when a tooth is heavily filled or was previously
treated with a root canal treatment. Crowns provide excellent strength
to the tooth while improving overall aesthetics.
Bridges are restorations designed to replace missing teeth. It involves
reducing the size of the teeth next to the space that act as supports.
There is a limit to the length which can be bridged and there needs
to be a tooth support at each end for long term success.
This type of tooth replacement involves the placing of a titanium
metal root within the bone. This artificial root is allowed to integrate
into the bone for a number of weeks before a crown or bridge is
attached to it. During the healing phase, a temporary denture restores
your smile. The success rate for implants can be as high as 98 - 99%.
This is a category of dentistry that concentrates on having your
teeth look the best that they can be as well as lasting longer.
It may include veneers, composite or ceramic inlays, crowns bridges
and tooth coloured fillings.
Root Canal Treatment
There is often damage to the nerves and soft tissues inside your
teeth requiring the need to have a root canal performed. Essentially
this is the process of removing this soft tissue from inside the
teeth to end pain, sensitivity or recurring infection.
Wisdom Tooth Removal
When a wisdom tooth does not develop properly it may not come up
through the gum or it may only come through part way. In both cases
it is better for long-term results to have the wisdom teeth removed
to avoid future health problems.
Grinding Teeth (Bruxing)
Bruxing is the unintentional grinding together of your teeth. Most
people do not even know that they are doing it because they are
sleeping or concentrating on some activity. There needs to be therapy
to keep the teeth from being damaged by the constant grinding.
Sports guards are a must for protecting teeth from having teeth
damaged by sports activities. A custom fitted sports mouth guard
reduces the number of sports injuries to the teeth.
Going to the dental office for regular checkups will be one of the
most effective ways to keep your teeth and gums healthy. By a close
examination and cleaning your dental professional will be able to
detect early signs of tooth decay or damage to the gums.
When there is damage to the gums often periodontal surgery is needed
to restore the gums back to health. The damage that can be corrected
depends on the type of damage and how extensive it is.
Teeth that need to be straightened to create a more beautiful smile
or teeth that need to be moved so that a patient can chew properly
can be done through orthodontic treatments. Some treatments are
more extensive and require a long-term commitment.
Sealants are an excellent way to reduce the incidence of cavities
in a young persons mouth. A sealant is simply a very thin layer
of material that is bonded to the biting surface of the back teeth
creating a barrier that protects the teeth from getting cavities.