Planting Recommendations

By: Cheyenne Tree Farms  09-12-2011
Keywords: planting, Shrink Wrap, Caliper Trees

Where you decide will be good home for your plant, is one of the most important factors that determines the success of your tree and shrub planting. Do not plant in a drainage swale between houses, next to sump pumps, roof drains, or any other location where water would stand after a rainfall.

There are two different ways your plant material will be packaged and each require a different planting method. Please refer to the appropriate method below:

Plastic Pots - Usually Potted Trees, Shrubs, Evergreens and Perennials

- Identified by rigid plastic in a variety of colours (usually black or green).

  1. Dig a hole a minimum of 15cm (6") deeper and wider than the pot.
  2. Add topsoil to the bottom of the hole to bring depth to height of the soil level in the pot.
  3. Tap the sides of the pot to loosen the soil.
  4. Carefully remove the tree or shrub from the pot and place plant gently in the hole.
  5. If you are planting a juniper or other potted evergreen, gently loosen roots that have encircled the ball to prevent the plant from girdling.*
  6. Fill hole with water and allow to soak into root ball. Repeat.
  7. Fill the hole with good topsoil ensuring that the top of the rootball is level with grade.
  8. If planting a tree, create a tree well by raking a ridge of soil 5-10cm (2-4") high just outside the root area.
*Girdling happens when roots wrap in a circle around the root ball. They stregthen and tighten until they literally choke the tree.

Burlap and Wire Basket - Usually Caliper Trees and Evergreens

- Identified by a burlap wrapped root ball in a wire basket.

  1. Dig a hole a minimum of 30cm (12") wider and as deep as the root ball. Leave a small mound in the centre of the hole for the tree to stand on. (see diagram)
  2. Remove plastic shrink wrap but leave on the wire and burlap.
  3. Place tree in hole and straighten tree by using a shovel handle to pry the basket, do not pull on the trunk.
  4. Partially backfill with topsoil to stabilize the tree and tamp the soil lightly.
  5. Cut and remove only the top 15cm (6") of the wire basket and burlap and all strapping around the trunk of the tree.
  6. Fill hole with water and allow to soak into root ball.
  7. Finish backfill with good topsoil ensuring that the top of the rootball is level with final grade.
  8. Create a tree well by raking a ridge of soil 5- 10cm (2-4") high just outside the root area.

Keywords: Caliper Trees, planting, Shrink Wrap, Wire Basket

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